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一個親愛地方的回憶 Souvenir d’un lieu cher, Op. 42, Tchaikovsky

一個親愛地方的回憶 Souvenir d’un lieu cher (Memory of a dear place), Op. 42 (1878)

旋律    Mélodie  稍快的行板 Moderato con moto (E♭ major)

諧謔曲  Scherzo 快板  Presto giocoso (C minor)

柴可夫斯基 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)

柴可夫斯基很少為弦樂鋼琴寫曲。這些作品是他在Brailov的時候在一位贊助者梅克夫人的莊園裡創作的。在1877年的時候他剛結束了一場可怕的婚姻,因此那段時間正好是他從傷痛中恢復的時期。他在1880年給梅克夫人的信中寫道:“我的確不能忍受鋼琴與小提琴或大提琴的結合,但是我不得不去聽。任何一類鋼琴與弦樂結合的奏鳴曲都對我是一種折磨。”

這個作品是柴可夫斯基唯一一個為小提琴與鋼琴編的原始版本。起初,這個作品有三個部分:《冥想曲》、《恢諧曲》和《旋律》。但《冥想曲》在1880年的時候就已經被單獨發行出來,於是它就作為一個獨立的作品被人們所熟知。《恢諧曲》和《旋律》發行於1884年,之後到1896年,亞歷山大·格拉祖諾夫發表了一個小提琴與管弦樂隊的改編版本,這個相比柴可夫斯基的原版有更高的知名度。

有兩個作品的標題都是自述性的。《旋律》這首曲子旋律優美,非常抒情,富於浪漫色彩。音樂一開始就呈示出如歌的主題,那勻稱悠長、徐緩平靜的旋律,猶如柳絲隨風搖曳,溫和中帶有幾分淒清的韻味。柴可夫斯基為它取了個小標題無詞歌。相反,《詼諧曲》進展比較急促,伴隨著中度富有表現力的部分標注著一點點躁動。在一個短暫的緩衝之後,在突然結束之前來了一個極速回轉。

Tchaikovsky rarely writes music for the piano with string instruments.  These pieces were composed during his stay at his benefactress Nadezhda von Meck’s estate at Brailov – a time when Tchaikovsky was recovering from his disastrous marriage which ended in 1877.  In an 1880 letter to Meck, he remarked:

“… I simply cannot endure the combination of piano with violin or cello … it is torture for me to have to listen to … a sonata of any kind for piano and strings.”

This piece, as it turns out, was the only piece to be written by Tchaikovsky in original form for the violin and piano.  Originally, this piece had three movements: Meditation, Scherzo, and Mélodie.  But the Meditation was published separately in 1880 and became known as an independent piece.  The Scherzo and Mélodie were published in 1884, and then in 1896, Alexander Glazunov published an arrangement for violin and orchestra, which has since become the better known version than Tchaikovsky’s original.

Both pieces have titles that are self-descriptive. Mélodie’s exquisite opening melody, of a singing and expressive nature, is repeatedly being developed throughout the entire piece. Tchaikovsky gives it the subtitle Chant sans paroles (Song without words).  In direct contrast, the Scherzo runs at a gallop, with even the middle espressivo section having the marking un poco agitato.  After a brief reprieve, the gallop returns before abruptly coming to an end.

 

© 2016  Macau Classical Music Society

 

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