一個親愛地方的回憶 Souvenir d’un lieu cher (Memory of a dear place), Op. 42 (1878)
旋律 Mélodie 稍快的行板 Moderato con moto (E♭ major)
諧謔曲 Scherzo 快板 Presto giocoso (C minor)
柴可夫斯基 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)
Tchaikovsky rarely writes music for the piano with string instruments. These pieces were composed during his stay at his benefactress Nadezhda von Meck’s estate at Brailov – a time when Tchaikovsky was recovering from his disastrous marriage which ended in 1877. In an 1880 letter to Meck, he remarked:
“… I simply cannot endure the combination of piano with violin or cello … it is torture for me to have to listen to … a sonata of any kind for piano and strings.”
This piece, as it turns out, was the only piece to be written by Tchaikovsky in original form for the violin and piano. Originally, this piece had three movements: Meditation, Scherzo, and Mélodie. But the Meditation was published separately in 1880 and became known as an independent piece. The Scherzo and Mélodie were published in 1884, and then in 1896, Alexander Glazunov published an arrangement for violin and orchestra, which has since become the better known version than Tchaikovsky’s original.
Both pieces have titles that are self-descriptive. Mélodie’s exquisite opening melody, of a singing and expressive nature, is repeatedly being developed throughout the entire piece. Tchaikovsky gives it the subtitle Chant sans paroles (Song without words). In direct contrast, the Scherzo runs at a gallop, with even the middle espressivo section having the marking un poco agitato. After a brief reprieve, the gallop returns before abruptly coming to an end.
© 2016 Macau Classical Music Society